related to the patient and the lesion.
Non-operative management is useful for the initial treatment for acute knee trauma and as a first-line treatment method in degenerative meniscal tears. In the former situation
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) remains the most reliable and efficacious treatment for patients with osteoarthritis resistant to conservative therapies. The stiff knee is a postoperative complication occurring in 4–16% of patients
Treatment of bacterial septic arthritis in the native adult hip poses distinct challenges. The yearly incidence is estimated at about 4–10 per 100,000 patients worldwide; however, its real incidence is difficult to quantify.
1 – 3
over a period of nine or more months or fails to prove any radiographic clues of healing response in an osseous environment within the previous three months of the follow-up.
There are several treatment selections for femoral shaft nonunion or delayed
natural history of the spinal column and very seldom requires any treatment at all, and that even when treatment may be required, surgery should be avoided at all costs because of the risks and complications associated with it.
First, ASD is a real
, including pain and severe disabilities in the activities of daily living due to early onset osteoarthritis or a dislocated hip ( 2 ). Nevertheless, diagnostic and treatment methods are highly variable in clinical practice and often depend on local agreements
Orthopaedic and trauma device-related infection (ODRI) remains a major complication in modern trauma and orthopaedic surgery.
Despite best practice in medical and surgical management, neither prophylaxis nor treatment of
to follow the principle of restoring the stability and alignment of the fractured ankle, using either non-operative or operative treatment, as appropriate.
1 , 2
The orthopaedic and trauma community needs to move away from the almost anecdotal
E. Carlos Rodríguez-MerchánDepartment of Orthopaedic Surgery, La Paz University Hospital, Madrid, Spain Osteoarticular Surgery Research, Hospital La Paz Institute for Health Research – IdiPAZ (La Paz University Hospital – Autonomous University of Madrid), Madrid, Spain
undisturbed. Crucial to comprehending and managing these conditions is a thorough knowledge of the peripheral neuroanatomy. 6
The optimal treatment of TTS is still a controversial issue. The controversy is mainly due to its diagnostic difficulties. 7 – 9
open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) or minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO), and retrograde and antegrade intramedullary nailing (IM) ( 6 , 8 , 9 ). Complications of both conservative and operative treatment approaches are non