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Mahmut Nedim Doral, Onur Bilge, Gazi Huri, Egemen Turhan, and René Verdonk

related to the patient and the lesion. 26 Non-operative management Non-operative management is useful for the initial treatment for acute knee trauma and as a first-line treatment method in degenerative meniscal tears. In the former situation

E. Carlos Rodríguez-Merchán

Introduction Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) remains the most reliable and efficacious treatment for patients with osteoarthritis resistant to conservative therapies. The stiff knee is a postoperative complication occurring in 4–16% of patients

Fabio D’Angelo, Luca Monestier, and Luigi Zagra

Background Treatment of bacterial septic arthritis in the native adult hip poses distinct challenges. The yearly incidence is estimated at about 4–10 per 100,000 patients worldwide; however, its real incidence is difficult to quantify. 1 – 3

Hua Luo, Yongwei Su, Liang Ding, Haijun Xiao, Ming Wu, and Feng Xue

over a period of nine or more months or fails to prove any radiographic clues of healing response in an osseous environment within the previous three months of the follow-up. There are several treatment selections for femoral shaft nonunion or delayed

Emre Acaroglu and European Spine Study Group

natural history of the spinal column and very seldom requires any treatment at all, and that even when treatment may be required, surgery should be avoided at all costs because of the risks and complications associated with it. First, ASD is a real

Pieter Bas de Witte, Christiaan J A van Bergen, Babette L de Geest, Floor Willeboordse, Joost H van Linge, Yvon M den Hartog, Magritha (Margret) M H P Foreman-van Drongelen, Renske M Pereboom, Simon G F Robben, Bart J Burger, M Adhiambo Witlox, and Melinda M E H Witbreuk

, including pain and severe disabilities in the activities of daily living due to early onset osteoarthritis or a dislocated hip ( 2 ). Nevertheless, diagnostic and treatment methods are highly variable in clinical practice and often depend on local agreements

T. Fintan Moriarty, Richard Kuehl, Tom Coenye, Willem-Jan Metsemakers, Mario Morgenstern, Edward M. Schwarz, Martijn Riool, Sebastian A.J. Zaat, Nina Khana, Stephen L. Kates, and R. Geoff Richards

Introduction Orthopaedic and trauma device-related infection (ODRI) remains a major complication in modern trauma and orthopaedic surgery. 1 Despite best practice in medical and surgical management, neither prophylaxis nor treatment of

Vasileios Lampridis, Nikolaos Gougoulias, and Anthony Sakellariou

to follow the principle of restoring the stability and alignment of the fractured ankle, using either non-operative or operative treatment, as appropriate. 1 , 2 The orthopaedic and trauma community needs to move away from the almost anecdotal

E. Carlos Rodríguez-Merchán and Inmaculada Moracia-Ochagavía

undisturbed. Crucial to comprehending and managing these conditions is a thorough knowledge of the peripheral neuroanatomy. 6 The optimal treatment of TTS is still a controversial issue. The controversy is mainly due to its diagnostic difficulties. 7 – 9

Maria Anna Smolle, Sandra Bösmüller, Paul Puchwein, Martin Ornig, Andreas Leithner, and Franz-Josef Seibert

open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) or minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO), and retrograde and antegrade intramedullary nailing (IM) ( 6 , 8 , 9 ). Complications of both conservative and operative treatment approaches are non