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Julie J. Willeumier, Yvette M. van der Linden, Michiel A.J. van de Sande, and P.D. Sander Dijkstra

to pain, pathological fractures, immobility, decreased functioning, and hypercalcaemia. Over half of patients experience clinical symptoms for which treatment is required, 3 of whom only a minority are surgically treated. 4 In the long bones

Elisa Pala, Alberto Procura, Giulia Trovarelli, Antonio Berizzi, and Pietro Ruggieri

excellent mechanical resistance and still represent an option when approaching a pathologic or impending fracture of long bones ( 14 , 15 , 16 , 17 ). However, titanium nails show some limits, especially during the follow-up of patients. First, titanium

Thomas Tampere, Matthieu Ollivier, Christophe Jacquet, Maxime Fabre-Aubrespy, and Sébastien Parratte

inadequate reduction of the articular step-off, secondary loss of reduction and material cut-out. 2 – 17 Thirdly, use of TKA might be indicated for pathological fractures of the distal femur and/or tibia in cases with poor bone stock or profound condylar

Catalin Cirstoiu, Bogdan Cretu, Sergiu Iordache, Mihnea Popa, Bogdan Serban, and Adrian Cursaru

patients, the incidence of bone metastases has increased. Because of the discomfort and possibility of pathological bone fractures, quality of life is significantly impaired by the presence of bone metastases. The most common primary malignancies that cause

Miklós Szendrői, Imre Antal, Attila Szendrői, Áron Lazáry, and Péter Pál Varga

finding the primary tumour site, but should be the last procedure in the diagnostic work-up because it weakens the affected bone and can lead to a pathological fracture. Approximately 20% of patients with bone metastases are referred with an actual

Andrea Angelini, Nicolò Mosele, Elisa Pagliarini, and Pietro Ruggieri

can arise spontaneously or be caused by pathologic fractures that can be either atraumatic or following minor trauma. If the disease affects long bones, it can result in bone deformity and limb shortening. If it affects the lower limbs, walking and

Charles Rivière, Guido Grappiolo, Charles A. Engh Jr, Jean-Pierre Vidalain, Antonia-F. Chen, Nicolas Boehler, Jihad Matta, and Pascal-André Vendittoli

This remodelling process is thought to be potentially detrimental for patients by favouring late loosening and late periprosthetic bone fracture, rendering revision surgery more complicated. 32 - 34 Nevertheless, there is, so far, no evidence that

Victor Lu, Maria Tennyson, Andrew Zhou, Ravi Patel, Mary D Fortune, Azeem Thahir, and Matija Krkovic

Introduction After the hip and distal radius, ankle fragility fractures (FFs) are the third most common type of fracture in the geriatric population, with an incidence of 184 cases per 100,000 population in the elderly per year ( 1 ). Despite

Hakan Ömeroğlu and Manuel Cassiano Neves

years, hospitalized femur shaft fractures (pathologic and neuromuscular ones excluded), 4984 patients – The rate of traction treatment decreased from 60% to 9% – The rate of intramedullary nailing increased from 5% to 34% – The average length of

Emmanuele Santolini, Nikolaos K. Kanakaris, and Peter V. Giannoudis

: 203 – 210 . 66. Kortman K Ortiz O Miller T et al. Multicenter study to assess the efficacy and safety of sacroplasty in patients with osteoporotic sacral insufficiency fractures or pathologic sacral lesions . J