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Charles Rivière, Guido Grappiolo, Charles A. Engh Jr, Jean-Pierre Vidalain, Antonia-F. Chen, Nicolas Boehler, Jihad Matta, and Pascal-André Vendittoli

. Despite the excellent long-term track-record, undesirable thigh pain and proximal femoral bone loss secondary to stress-shielding were observed. 5 - 7 Other designs targeted more proximal metaphyseal fixation, with proximal porous-coated tapered

Julie J. Willeumier, Yvette M. van der Linden, Michiel A.J. van de Sande, and P.D. Sander Dijkstra

probably present an even higher number. Due to constantly improving treatments, the duration of the palliative phase is prolonged. Longer survival unfortunately gives each patient more time to develop metastases. Bone metastases of the long bones may lead

Stijn E. W. Geraets, P. Koen Bos, and Johan van der Stok

develop bone metastases. 2 , 3 These bone metastases cause clinical symptoms that require treatment in more than half of these patients. 4 Clinical symptoms occurring due to long bone metastases include pain, with 10–25% of patients presenting

Miklós Szendrői, Imre Antal, Attila Szendrői, Áron Lazáry, and Péter Pál Varga

bones of the extremities. Metastatic diseases of the long bones Diagnostic algorithm Many authors 2 - 7 recommend rather similar diagnostic work-up protocols for potential metastatic diseases. These flow charts help orthopaedic surgeons

Catalin Cirstoiu, Bogdan Cretu, Sergiu Iordache, Mihnea Popa, Bogdan Serban, and Adrian Cursaru

, should be treated with extensive resections and reconstructions to considerably improve long-term life expectancy. Regarding multiple metastatic disease in which a bone metastasis is in the pre-fracture stage, prophylactic fixation has proven to be cost

Maria Tennyson, Matija Krkovic, Mary Fortune, and Ali Abdulkarim

with the ‘standard’ practice of IM nailing in the treatment of metaphyseal fractures owing to the long lever arm, metaphyseal enlargement, and epiphyseal–metaphyseal fixation problems, which make reduction and controlling angulation of the shorter bone

Elisa Pala, Alberto Procura, Giulia Trovarelli, Antonio Berizzi, and Pietro Ruggieri

Introduction Bones are a frequent location of metastases from carcinomas; the most common sites are the spine and pelvis, followed by the long bones, especially the proximal femur ( 1 ). All types of malignant tumors have the potential to

Luca Pierannunzii and Luigi Zagra

Introduction Bone loss is a major concern of revision total hip arthroplasty (THA). While on the femoral side the problem is commonly solved by passing the defect through long stems seeking distal fixation in the healthy diaphysis, on the

Sheryl de Waard, Jacqueline van der Vis, Pascale A.H.T. Venema, Inger N. Sierevelt, Gino M.M.J. Kerkhoffs, and Daniël Haverkamp

. 1 , 2 Their biomechanical forces on the hip implant are higher compared to the more elderly with THA, increasing the long-term failure rate of hip implants. 3 – 6 Failure of hip implants can be caused by periprosthetic bone loss, leading to aseptic

Yücel Ağırdil

Introduction The growth plate, also known as the physis, is the cartilaginous portion at the ends of long bones where longitudinal growth of the bone takes place. This region of bone is characterized by high metabolic activity and is under the