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Nikolaos K. Paschos and Stephen M. Howell

Introduction Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is one of the most common orthopaedic techniques performed worldwide. ACL injuries occur with increasing incidence, from approximately 33 cases in 100 000 in 1994 to between 40 and

Francisco Figueroa, David Figueroa, Rafael Calvo, Alex Vaisman, and João Espregueira-Mendes

scenario of a combined ACL and MCL reconstruction, at least one ligament should be reconstructed using an allograft to limit donor-site morbidity. Best graft in MCL injuries Again, there are scarce reports in the literature assessing graft choice

Joanna Baawa-Ameyaw, Ricci Plastow, Fahima Aarah Begum, Babar Kayani, Hyder Jeddy, and Fares Haddad

revision rates for ACL reconstructions performed using HT autografts versus QT grafts, using data from the Danish Knee Ligament Registry (DKLR). 21 In total, 16,579 ACL reconstructions suitable for the studies’ inclusion and exclusion criteria were

Francisco Figueroa, David Figueroa, Rafael Calvo, Alex Vaisman, and João Espregueira-Mendes

Introduction Knee septic arthritis after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is an uncommon but devastating complication, with a reported incidence of 0.14% to 1.7% on the literature. 1 , 2 Even providing state of the art

Tianping Zhou, Yihong Xu, Aiai Zhang, Lan Zhou, Qing Zhang, Zhou Ji, and Weidong Xu

Introduction Most patients suffering from anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries, especially athletes and physically active populations desiring to return to physical activities, need surgical reconstruction ( 1 ). In fact, the number of

Alli Gokeler, Bart Dingenen, Caroline Mouton, and Romain Seil

Introduction Athletes who wish to resume high-level activities after an injury to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) are often advised to undergo surgical reconstruction. 1 , 2 Patients’ general expectations after ACL reconstruction

Ulrike Wittig, Gloria Hohenberger, Martin Ornig, Reinhard Schuh, Andreas Leithner, and Patrick Holweg

Broström–Gould technique has been the preferred technique for lateral ankle ligament repair. First described in 1980, it comprises direct reconstruction of the ATFL and CFL by enhancement with the joint capsule and use of the inferior extensor retinaculum

N. Reha Tandogan and Asim Kayaalp

. Reconstruction of all injured ligaments should have been performed before the patient starts weight-bearing. Open medial injuries . These are usually a result of high-energy trauma and associated with multi-ligament injuries and fractures. A few simple

Chilan Bou Ghosson Leite, Patricia Moreno Grangeiro, Diego Ubrig Munhoz, Pedro Nogueira Giglio, Gilberto Luis Camanho, and Riccardo Gomes Gobbi

as to describe the complication of knee subluxation/dislocation during limb lengthening. Moreover, we discuss whether or when ligament reconstruction prior to the lengthening would be necessary to reduce the risk of subluxation/dislocation of the knee

Carlos A. Encinas-Ullán and E. Carlos Rodríguez-Merchán

combined early ACL reconstruction with an acute MCL repair ( Fig. 5 ). Fig. 5 Recommended algorithm for the treatment of acute injuries of the medial collateral ligament (MCL). Note. ACL, anterior cruciate ligament; MCL, medial collateral ligament