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Elizabeth K Tissingh The Bone Infection Unit, Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre, Oxford University Hospitals, Oxford, UK
King’s Global Health Partnerships, School of Life Course and Population Sciences, King’s College London, London, UK

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Leonard Marais Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, School of Clinical Medicine, University of KwaZulu-Natal, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

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Antonio Loro Comprehensive Rehabilitation Services for People with Disability in Uganda (CoRSU) Hospital, Kisubi, Uganda

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Deepa Bose University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust, Birmingham, UK

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Nilo T Paner Department of Orthopaedics, University of the Philippines, Philippine General Hospital Manila, The Phillipines

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Jamie Ferguson The Bone Infection Unit, Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre, Oxford University Hospitals, Oxford, UK
Department of Orthopaedics, University of the Philippines, Philippine General Hospital Manila, The Phillipines

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Mario Morgensten Centre for Musculoskeletal Infections, Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland

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Martin McNally The Bone Infection Unit, Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre, Oxford University Hospitals, Oxford, UK

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Introduction and aims The global burden of fracture-related infection (FRI) is likely to be concentrated in countries with limited healthcare resources. Conditions associated with FRI (road injuries, other musculoskeletal disorders, falls and

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Nicolas Bonnevialle Orthopaedic Department and Biomechanics Department, IMFT CNRS URM 5502, Riquet Hospital, University Centre, Place Baylac, 31059 Toulouse, France

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Florence Dauzères Orthopaedic Department, Riquet Hospital, University Centre, Place Baylac, 31059 Toulouse, France

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Julien Toulemonde Orthopaedic Department, Riquet Hospital, University Centre, Place Baylac, 31059 Toulouse, France

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Fanny Elia Orthopaedic Department, Riquet Hospital, University Centre, Place Baylac, 31059 Toulouse, France

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Jean-Michel Laffosse Orthopaedic Department, CRIOAC and Biomechanics Department, IMFT CNRS, Riquet Hospital, University Centre, Place Baylac, 31059 Toulouse, France

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Pierre Mansat Orthopaedic Department and Biomechanics Department, IMFT CNRS URM 5502, Riquet Hospital, University Centre, Place Baylac, 31059 Toulouse, France

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Introduction While more than 66 000 prosthetic shoulder procedures were performed in 2011 in the United States, the rate of post-operative infection seems to remain stable with 0.98% of cases. 1 - 3 However, when infection occurs, this

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Francisco Figueroa Clinica Alemana-Universidad del Desarrollo, Santiago, Chile
Hospital Sotero del Rio, Santiago, Chile

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David Figueroa Clinica Alemana-Universidad del Desarrollo, Santiago, Chile

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Rafael Calvo Clinica Alemana-Universidad del Desarrollo, Santiago, Chile

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Alex Vaisman Clinica Alemana-Universidad del Desarrollo, Santiago, Chile
Hospital Padre Hurtado, Santiago, Chile

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João Espregueira-Mendes Clínica do Dragão, Espregueira-Mendes Sports Centre – FIFA Medical Centre of Excellence, Portugal; Dom Henrique Research Centre, Portugal; 3B’s Research Group – Biomaterials, Biodegradables and Biomimetics, University of Minho, Portugal; ICVS/3B’s–PT Government Associate Laboratory, Portugal; Orthopaedics Department of Minho University, Portugal

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treatment, there is an increased risk of articular cartilage damage and graft failure and a long-term risk of joint dysfunction. 3 – 6 Hamstring autograft use has been linked to an increased risk of infection after ACL reconstruction compared to other

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Nicola Ratto University of Torino, Italy

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Chiara Arrigoni University of Torino, Italy

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Federica Rosso AO Mauriziano Umberto I, Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Torino, Italy

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Matteo Bruzzone AO Mauriziano Umberto I, Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Torino, Italy

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Federico Dettoni AO Mauriziano Umberto I, Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Torino, Italy

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Davide Edoardo Bonasia AO Mauriziano Umberto I, Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Torino, Italy

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Roberto Rossi AO Mauriziano Umberto I, Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Torino, Italy

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expected. 2 Differing causations hase been reported for TJA failure and revision. 3 , 4 According to recent data, peri-prosthetic joint infection (PJI) incidence constitutes between approximately 0.3% and 1.7% of all total hip arthroplasties (THA

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Philip F. Dobson Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle, UK

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Michael R. Reed Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle, UK

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from venepuncture to major surgery became universally accepted as a method for reducing infection rates. The development of antibiotics and their use in surgical prophylaxis in many branches of surgical practice has also become commonplace, and has

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Xinhuan Lei Department of Orthopedic, Taizhou Hospital of Zhejiang Province affiliated to Wenzhou Medical University, Taizhou, Zhejiang, China

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Jie Xiang Department of Orthopedic, Taizhou Hospital of Zhejiang Province affiliated to Wenzhou Medical University, Taizhou, Zhejiang, China

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Hailan Yang Department of Ultrasound, Taizhou Hospital of Zhejiang Province affiliated to Wenzhou Medical University, Taizhou, Zhejiang, China

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Hongya Bao Department of Orthopedic, Taizhou Hospital of Zhejiang Province affiliated to Wenzhou Medical University, Taizhou, Zhejiang, China

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Zhong Zhu Department of Orthopedic, Taizhou Hospital of Zhejiang Province affiliated to Wenzhou Medical University, Taizhou, Zhejiang, China

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Hua Luo Department of Orthopedic, Taizhou Hospital of Zhejiang Province affiliated to Wenzhou Medical University, Taizhou, Zhejiang, China

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Introduction Surgical site infection (SSI) is a rare and serious complication of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) that can cause a poor prognosis, reduce these patients’ quality of life, and significantly increase the financial burden. Therefore

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Marko Nabergoj Valdoltra Orthopaedic Hospital, Ankaran, Slovenia
Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia

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Patrick J. Denard Oregon Shoulder Institute, Medford, OR

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Philippe Collin Centre Hospitalier Privé Saint-Grégoire (Vivalto Santé), Saint- Grégoire, France

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Rihard Trebše Valdoltra Orthopaedic Hospital, Ankaran, Slovenia
Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia

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Alexandre Lädermann Division of Orthopaedics and Trauma Surgery, La Tour Hospital
Division of Orthopaedics and Trauma Surgery, Department of Surgery, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland

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part is to review reported radiological complications, infection and neurologic injury related to the use of RSA and to analyse their occurrence based on the various prosthetic designs used. Rarer complications, such as intraoperative cement

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Michael de Buys Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Witswatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

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Krisantha Moodley Emergency Department, ER Consulting, Johannesburg, South Africa

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Josip Nenad Cakic Department Orthopaedic Surgery, Life Fourways Hospital, Johannesburg, South Africa

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Jurek R T Pietrzak Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Witswatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

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an ageing population, so too does the incidence of complications. Definitions Surgical site infections (SSIs) are defined as infections occurring within 90 days of surgery involving the skin or subcutaneous tissue, in the region of the body

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Martin McNally The Bone infection Unit, Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre, Oxford University Hospitals, Oxford, UK

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Irene Sigmund The Bone infection Unit, Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre, Oxford University Hospitals, Oxford, UK
Department of Orthopaedics and Trauma Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, Austria

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Andrew Hotchen The Bone infection Unit, Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre, Oxford University Hospitals, Oxford, UK

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Ricardo Sousa Porto Bone and Joint Infection Group (GRIP), Department of Orthopaedics, Centro Hospitalar Universitario Santo António and CUF-Hospitais e Clinicas, Portugal

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Introduction Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) has been identified as the second most common cause of revision after knee arthroplasty and the fourth commonest cause in hips, in the United Kingdom ( 1 ). This may be a major underestimation as

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Marjan Wouthuyzen-Bakker Department of Medical Microbiology and Infection Prevention, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands

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Introduction Historically, cultures are considered as the gold standard in diagnosing any type of infection. However, cultures can be negative in many infectious diseases, including periprosthetic joint infections (PJI), in particular when a

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