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Elena Gálvez-Sirvent, Aitor Ibarzábal-Gil, and E Carlos Rodríguez-Merchán

syndrome. One of the earliest studies on the treatment, outcomes, and complications of tibial plateau fractures was by Schatzker et al. in 1979, which showed a 27% complication rate ( 3 ). In 1987, Moore and Patzakis reported poor functional

Stavros Tsotsolis, Eustathios Kenanidis, Vasileios F Pegios, Michael Potoupnis, and Eleftherios Tsiridis

( 6 ). Hospital readmissions after TJA represent a massive economic burden on healthcare systems. Almost half of the readmissions are due to medical complications unrelated to the TJA ( 7 ). Osteoarthritis is an age-related disease; patients

Luke Turley, Ian Barry, and Eoin Sheehan

tibial shaft fractures are associated with high rates of complications including malunion, non-union and infection ( 5 , 6 ). The severity of the soft tissue injury associated with open fractures has been considered significant for many years. In 1976

Olga D. Savvidou, Frantzeska Zampeli, Panagiotis Koutsouradis, George D. Chloros, Aggelos Kaspiris, Savas Sourmelis, and Panayiotis J. Papagelopoulos

humerus fractures, an overall complication rate up to 35% has been reported. 3 , 7 – 9 In elderly patients, the presence of osteoporosis, metaphyseal comminution and poor soft-tissue conditions have resulted in less predictable outcomes. 3 , 10

Richard Peter Almeida, Lipalo Mokete, Nkhodiseni Sikhauli, Allan Roy Sekeitto, and Jurek Pietrzak

showing sustained increases beyond 2030. 1 , 2 Associated complications will subsequently increase in conjunction with this demand. 2 Persistent wound drainage (PWD) is a post-operative wound complication following TJA. It is reported to occur in between

Raul Barco, Olga D. Savvidou, John W. Sperling, Joaquín Sanchez-Sotelo, and Robert H. Cofield

. 12 Since RSA is commonly used to salvage complex conditions, not surprisingly the reported complication rate is relatively high. 13 Most published studies on RSA have reported on either a so-called Grammont-style RSA (medialised centre of

Jean-Pierre St Mart, En Lin Goh, and Zameer Shah

component implantation. Several modifications were made throughout its lifespan to address early complications associated with the original pin-based calibration system, 21 , 23 which required insertion into the femur. 24 , 25 In 2004, the holding

Jean-Pierre St Mart and En Lin Goh

and intra-operative complications led to a cessation of their use. 9 , 14 , 22 , 23 Mako The Mako Robotic-Arm Assisted System (Stryker, Mako Surgical Corp., Fort Lauderdale, FL, USA) was officially launched for primary TKA in 2017. This

Olga D. Savvidou, Panagiotis Koutsouradis, Angelos Kaspiris, Leon Naar, George D. Chloros, and Panayiotis J. Papagelopoulos

complications (up to 75%), such as symptomatic hardware, skin irritation and possible wound breakdown, infection, pain, delayed union, nonunion, heterotopic ossification, nerve and even vascular injuries. 7 – 15 The incidence of olecranon fractures in the

Georgios Kyriakopoulos, Lazaros Poultsides, and Panayiotis Christofilopoulos

dislocation rate reported have tempted many surgeons and patients to switch to the anterior approach. This has not been without criticism, however, focusing on the steep learning curve, high rate of perioperative complications, early revision rate and limited