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Elena Gálvez-Sirvent, Aitor Ibarzábal-Gil, and E. Carlos Rodríguez-Merchán

) In 2019, Aldemir and Duygun reviewed 28 aseptic tibial nonunions without bone defects (15 hypertrophic and 13 atrophic), with an average time from fracture to treatment of 1.6 years. 4 The previous treatments for these fractures had comprised

Abdul-ilah Hachem, Andres Molina-Creixell, Xavier Rius, Karla Rodriguez-Bascones, Francisco Javier Cabo Cabo, Jose Luis Agulló, and Miguel Angel Ruiz-Iban

bone defects, a dysplastic glenoid rim, and a thin posterior capsule has increased the use of techniques with a bone graft ( 10 , 11 , 12 , 13 , 14 ). The use of opening wedge osteotomies and posterior bone block grafts, even in the absence of a

Catalin Cirstoiu, Bogdan Cretu, Bogdan Serban, Zsombor Panti, and Mihai Nica

bone defects reconstruction because of the following advantages: a biologic reconstruction is granted; highest osteoconductive, osteoinductive and osteogenic potential; and the lowest risk for immune graft rejection or disease transmission. The

James Wee and Gowreeson Thevendran

acknowledged benchmark in the management of bone defects. In foot and ankle surgery, these principles of fracture management have been extended to the techniques used in osteotomy and arthrodesis procedures, where autogenic bone grafts have achieved a similar

Jakub Stefaniak, Przemyslaw Lubiatowski, Anna Maria Kubicka, Anna Wawrzyniak, Joanna Wałecka, and Leszek Romanowski

Introduction The assessment of glenoid and humeral head bone defects is important in pre-operative decision making and planning. The presence of anterior glenoid bone loss and/or Hill–Sachs lesion (HSL) is common and may increase the risk of

Gilles Pasquier, Matthieu Ehlinger, and Didier Mainard

when the capsule and ligament constraints have failed completely 5 or when massive bone defects are present. 6 It is uncertain whether the evolution in bone loss reconstruction 7 , 8 and bone fixation methods, or the introduction of

Emilio Calvo, María Valencia, Antonio Maria Foruria, and Juan Aguilar Gonzalez

buttons ( Fig. 2 ). Bone grafting techniques offer the advantage that the graft can be tailored to the patient´s defect in size and shape. Figure 2 CT scan axial view of a failed Latarjet where the coracoid graft showed severe osteolysis. The

E. Carlos Rodríguez-Merchán, Primitivo Gómez-Cardero, and Carlos A. Encinas-Ullán

size and location of the bone defect and the patient’s demographic characteristics (body mass index [BMI], activity level, age and life expectancy). 3 To successfully perform an rTKA and predict and compare its results, it is essential to correctly

E. Itoi

%, the glenoid defect needs to be fixed. The Latarjet procedure can convert an off-track lesion to an on-track lesion. However, if the HSL is still off-track after the Latarjet procedure, either remplissage or bone graft to the HSL needs to be added to

Michael J. Raschke, Christoph Kittl, and Christoph Domnick

osteosynthesis may increase the maximum load and decrease cut-out failure vs conventional screw reconstruction (a). Provided by Weimann et al 29 and used with permission from BioMed Central. Management of bone defects Autograft, allograft