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Andrew J Harrison, Michael R Redler, David M Taylor, Ansar Mahmood, John T Jones, Yukihiro Arai, and Yoshinobu Watanabe

ultrasound (LIPUS) has been used to accelerate the process of fracture repair in humans since it was first reported in 1983 by Xavier and Duarte ( 9 ). In 1994, it was approved in the United States for accelerated healing of certain fresh fractures. By 2000

Mustafa S. Rashid, Yves Tourné, and Kar H. Teoh

union may lag behind clinical union in some cases. 5 One method that has been used to achieve union of fractures, osteotomies and fusion, is the application of low intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) therapy ( Table 1 ). 6 The increasing use of

Przemysław Lubiatowski, Joanna Wałecka, Marcin Dzianach, Jakub Stefaniak, and Leszek Romanowski

, computed tomography; US, ultrasound scan; OSD, osteochondritis dissecans; FU, follow-up; DASH, Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand scores; MEPI, Mayo Elbow Performance Index. Synovial fold The elbow plica is a formation of prominent

Maurizio De Pellegrin, Lucrezia Montanari, Desiree Moharamzadeh, and Oliver Eberhardt

development of ultrasound (US) screening programmes in the 1980s for the evaluation of hip dysplasia, the labrum acquired an increasingly important role as a landmark in Graf’s classification and US technique. 9 – 12 The US examination allows the correct

Alfonso Vaquero-Picado, Gaspar González-Morán, Enrique Gil Garay, and Luis Moraleda

adequate physical examination of the hip on all newborns and performing ultrasound screening for selective cases. 42 It is important to remark that isolated ‘clicks’ do not have clinical importance, in comparison with positive manoeuvres of instability

E. Carlos Rodríguez-Merchán and Inmaculada Moracia-Ochagavía

medial and lateral plantar nerves for the diagnosis of TTS is not sufficiently high. The near nerve method (NNM) is a technique that allows recording large and clear potentials. In medial and lateral plantar nerve NCSs with NNM to diagnose TTS, ultrasound

Kinner Davda, Karan Malhotra, Paul O’Donnell, Dishan Singh, and Nicholas Cullen

studies of the ankle; we often corroborate MRI findings with ultrasound imaging in our unit to differentiate it from a peroneus quartus. The peroneus quartus muscle typically originates from the peroneus brevis muscle belly in the distal one-third of the

Christoph H. Lohmann, Sanjiv Rampal, Martin Lohrengel, and Gurpal Singh

. 50 Imaging modality Advantages Disadvantages Non-nuclear scanning test Ultrasound • Easily available and accessible • Quick to perform • Low costs • May be used to guide injections and biopsy • Can differentiate between

Pieter Bas de Witte, Christiaan J A van Bergen, Babette L de Geest, Floor Willeboordse, Joost H van Linge, Yvon M den Hartog, Magritha (Margret) M H P Foreman-van Drongelen, Renske M Pereboom, Simon G F Robben, Bart J Burger, M Adhiambo Witlox, and Melinda M E H Witbreuk

, focuses on decentered hips. In the current clinical practice in the Netherlands, there is selective DDH screening (i.e. ultrasound of the hips in case of risk factors or clinical abnormalities). Generally, the first step of treatment is an abduction

Gerardo Fusco, Francesco M. Gambaro, Berardo Di Matteo, and Elizaveta Kon

-inflammatory and regenerative effects, has recently been spreading in clinical practice. Guenoun et al performed an ultrasound-guided intra-meniscal, meniscal wall and intra-articular injection procedure, demonstrating that intra-meniscal PRP treatment is feasible