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Nicolas Bonnevialle, Florence Dauzères, Julien Toulemonde, Fanny Elia, Jean-Michel Laffosse, and Pierre Mansat

Introduction While more than 66 000 prosthetic shoulder procedures were performed in 2011 in the United States, the rate of post-operative infection seems to remain stable with 0.98% of cases. 1 - 3 However, when infection occurs, this

Roberto Padua, Laura de Girolamo, Alberto Grassi, and Davide Cucchi

Introduction Every year, an increasing number of articles are added to medical literature: restricting a MEDLINE search for the term ‘shoulder’ to the years 2000 to 2009 produces 18,685 results; a number which almost doubles to 37,015 when

Jonathon C Coward, Stefan Bauer, Stephanie M Babic, Charline Coron, Taro Okamoto, and William G Blakeney

Introduction Part 1 of this article defined ‘pseudoparesis’ and ‘pseudoparalysis’ in detail in relation to loss of specific shoulder functions and discussed the history and examination findings that determine these diagnoses. Part 1 also

Julie Küffer, Mohy E. Taha, Pierre Hoffmeyer, and Gregory Cunningham

Introduction Shoulder arthroplasty has significantly increased worldwide in recent decades, amongst both young 1 , 2 and elderly populations. 3 For example, in the United States the rate of shoulder arthroplasty has increased by 200

Nuno Sampaio Gomes

Introduction Accurate glenoid component placement is of major importance in shoulder arthroplasty. Improperly-placed implants are at risk of dislocation, increased component wear and loosening, and the need for revision surgery. 1 - 3

Laurent Nové-Josserand

Introduction Total shoulder arthroplasty is a reliable procedure with better outcomes than hemi-arthroplasty in terms of pain, subjective results, quality of life, strength and range of motion, even in the long term. 1 Glenoid exposure is

Stefan Bauer, Taro Okamoto, Stephanie M Babic, Jonathon C Coward, Charline M P L Coron, and William G Blakeney

Introduction The definition of the term “shoulder pseudoparalysis” remains controversial amongs clinicians ( 1 ), with regards to the degree and direction of impaired active shoulder motion, chronicity, whether it is traumatic or atraumatic

Thomas Kozak, Stefan Bauer, Gilles Walch, Saad Al-karawi, and William Blakeney

Introduction The reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) was developed in the 1980s as a treatment for rotator cuff tear arthropathy in the elderly. 1 It has demonstrated excellent clinical outcomes and thus has become well

Richard W. Nyffeler and Dominik C. Meyer

dysfunction of the shoulder for a long time. In 1934, Codman 1 reported that hypertrophic changes at the acromial edge could frequently be observed on the radiographs of patients with long-standing subacromial bursitis associated with complete tear of the

Anne J. Spaans, C.M. (Lilian) Donders, J.H.J.M. (Gert) Bessems, and Christiaan J.A. van Bergen

arthritis of any upper extremity joint. Seven articles were included in this review; five reported on the shoulder, one on the elbow, and one on both joints. The cross-reference check of the included studies did not result in additional relevant articles. A