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Manuel Saavedra, Matías Sepúlveda, María Jesús Tuca, and Estefanía Birrer

Introduction The meniscus plays a vital role in knee biomechanics. The discoid meniscus is a congenital variation of the meniscus shape, characterized by a central hypertrophy and a larger than normal diameter, leading to a lack of the

Alfonso Vaquero-Picado and E. Carlos Rodríguez-Merchán

clinical outcomes. Anatomy and biomechanics Several studies in recent decades have highlighted the importance of the meniscus in the global function of the knee, especially in a ligament-deficient joint. 4 , 8 – 10 The micro and macro

Philippe Beaufils, Roland Becker, Sebastian Kopf, Ollivier Matthieu, and Nicolas Pujol

and the management of the torn meniscus is now plurally based on basic science knowledge, new diagnostic tools, technical improvements and better long-term outcome assessment: Basic science demonstrated for a long time the crucial role of the

Yusuf Omar Qalib, Yicun Tang, Dawei Wang, Baizhou Xing, Xingming Xu, and Huading Lu

Overview of ramp lesion of the medial meniscus The medial meniscus is attached to the posterior tibial plateau and articular capsule, serving as the fundamental structure in knee joint kinematics. 1 It has a multitude of functions such as

Sebastian Kopf, Manuel-Paul Sava, Christian Stärke, and Roland Becker

knee above the menisci and the uncovered chondral parts of the tibial plateau. Menisci have several fixation points. The roots of the meniscus are the main stabilizers. Each human meniscus has an anterior and a posterior root. The roots are ligamentous

Francisco Figueroa, David Figueroa, Rafael Calvo, Alex Vaisman, and João Espregueira-Mendes

magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). On the other hand, no significant difference was found in terms of the Lysholm score, Tegner score, joint narrowing, or meniscus extrusion. In 2015, the International Meniscus Reconstruction Experts Forum (IMREF

Hélder Pereira, Ibrahim Fatih Cengiz, Sérgio Gomes, João Espregueira-Mendes, Pedro L. Ripoll, Joan C. Monllau, Rui L. Reis, and J. Miguel Oliveira

Introduction Injuries of the meniscus are probably the most frequent injuries occuring in the knee. 1 According to the statement from Prof. René Verdonk, ‘Nothing has changed so much in recent years of orthopedics as the treatment

Mahmut Nedim Doral, Onur Bilge, Gazi Huri, Egemen Turhan, and René Verdonk

-tissue structures in the medial and lateral tibiofemoral compartments of the knee joint, respectively. They are not solely a separate structure; they are a part of the ‘meniscus-meniscal ligament complex’ together with the surrounding ligamentous structures (menisco

Alberto Grassi, Nicola Pizza, Gian Andrea Lucidi, Luca Macchiarola, Massimiliano Mosca, and Stefano Zaffagnini

Introduction Despite the fact that the anatomy and function of the lateral meniscus has been well described, its capsular restraints and their role still represent complex issues. In fact, the great mobility of the lateral meniscus, its thin

Vicente Carlos da Silva Campos, Francisco Guerra Pinto, Diogo Constantino, Renato Andrade, and João Espregueira-Mendes

posteromedial compartment may represent a technical challenge during arthroscopy in patients with a tight tibiofemoral joint space ( Fig. 1 ). In fact, the posterior horn of the medial meniscus is one of the most difficult areas for knee arthroscopy to access