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Francesco Benazzo, Stefano M.P. Rossi, Alberto Combi, Sanjay Meena, and Matteo Ghiara

Post-traumatic arthritis of the knee is the third most common cause of total knee replacement after primary arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. The number of operations for post-traumatic conditions has increased only slightly 1 Distal

Vikki Wylde, Neil Artz, Nick Howells, and Ashley W. Blom

Introduction The primary reasons that patients elect to undergo total knee replacement (TKR) are to gain improvements in pain and walking ability. 1 However, patients often have high expectations of the outcome of their TKR and want more

Lucy C. Walker, Nick D. Clement, Kanishka M. Ghosh, and David J. Deehan

There is much debate surrounding the optimum way to achieve a balanced total knee arthroplasty. However, there is no agreed consensus on the definition of a balanced total knee replacement. Babazadeh et al 5 defined a balanced knee as one which has

Jason Trieu, Chris Schilling, Michelle M. Dowsey, and Peter F. Choong

Introduction The growing burden of knee osteoarthritis presents a significant challenge facing many communities. 1 Total knee replacement (TKR) remains the only definitive treatment option available for advanced arthritis, and this has

Cheuk Yin Li, Kenneth Jordan Ng Cheong Chung, Omar M. E. Ali, Nicholas D. H. Chung, and Cheuk Heng Li

Introduction Total knee replacement (TKR) is a cost-effective surgical procedure. 1 According to the national joint registry, 2 274,495 total knee replacements were performed in England, Wales, Northern Ireland and the Isle of Man in

David Barrett and Angela Brivio

Introduction There is no doubt that total knee replacement has become a successful, reliable and life-changing intervention for many thousands of patients, with established survival figures above 95% over 15 years ( 1 ). More recently, however

Claudio Legnani, Andrea Parente, Franco Parente, and Alberto Ventura

unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR) ( 3 ), according to recent reports, the outcomes of a UKR may not be affected by previous osteotomies around the knee ( 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 , 10 ). Performing UKR after HTO could be challenging since several factors

James R. Berstock, James R. Murray, Michael R. Whitehouse, Ashley W. Blom, and Andrew D. Beswick

Introduction Although several surgical approaches to the knee exist, the medial parapatellar approach has been used in 93% of primary total knee replacements (TKRs) performed in England and Wales between 2004 and 2014. 1 This approach

Stefan Lazic, Oliver Boughton, Catherine F. Kellett, Deiary F. Kader, Loïc Villet, and Charles Rivière

• Self-directed physiotherapy at home for total knee replacement (if suitable) • Crystalloid rehydration if volume depletion • Aspirin for low-risk, novel oral anticoagulant + mechanical thromboprophylaxis for high-risk patients • Discharge home if < 500

Richard N de Steiger, Brian R Hallstrom, Anne Lübbeke, Elizabeth W Paxton, Liza N van Steenbergen, and Mark Wilkinson

Introduction Total hip and knee replacement are effective operations for the management of end-stage arthritis. There are increasing numbers of these operations being performed, and the rate of increase is anticipated to continue into the