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Nicolas Bonnevialle, Florence Dauzères, Julien Toulemonde, Fanny Elia, Jean-Michel Laffosse, and Pierre Mansat

Introduction While more than 66 000 prosthetic shoulder procedures were performed in 2011 in the United States, the rate of post-operative infection seems to remain stable with 0.98% of cases. 1 - 3 However, when infection occurs, this

Francisco Figueroa, David Figueroa, Rafael Calvo, Alex Vaisman, and João Espregueira-Mendes

treatment, there is an increased risk of articular cartilage damage and graft failure and a long-term risk of joint dysfunction. 3 – 6 Hamstring autograft use has been linked to an increased risk of infection after ACL reconstruction compared to other

Nicola Ratto, Chiara Arrigoni, Federica Rosso, Matteo Bruzzone, Federico Dettoni, Davide Edoardo Bonasia, and Roberto Rossi

expected. 2 Differing causations hase been reported for TJA failure and revision. 3 , 4 According to recent data, peri-prosthetic joint infection (PJI) incidence constitutes between approximately 0.3% and 1.7% of all total hip arthroplasties (THA

Philip F. Dobson and Michael R. Reed

from venepuncture to major surgery became universally accepted as a method for reducing infection rates. The development of antibiotics and their use in surgical prophylaxis in many branches of surgical practice has also become commonplace, and has

Xinhuan Lei, Jie Xiang, Hailan Yang, Hongya Bao, Zhong Zhu, and Hua Luo

Introduction Surgical site infection (SSI) is a rare and serious complication of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) that can cause a poor prognosis, reduce these patients’ quality of life, and significantly increase the financial burden. Therefore

Marko Nabergoj, Patrick J. Denard, Philippe Collin, Rihard Trebše, and Alexandre Lädermann

part is to review reported radiological complications, infection and neurologic injury related to the use of RSA and to analyse their occurrence based on the various prosthetic designs used. Rarer complications, such as intraoperative cement

Elizabeth K Tissingh, Leonard Marais, Antonio Loro, Deepa Bose, Nilo T Paner, Jamie Ferguson, Mario Morgensten, and Martin McNally

Introduction and aims The global burden of fracture-related infection (FRI) is likely to be concentrated in countries with limited healthcare resources. Conditions associated with FRI (road injuries, other musculoskeletal disorders, falls and

Sylvain Steinmetz, Diane Wernly, Kevin Moerenhout, Andrej Trampuz, and Olivier Borens

Introduction Infection after fracture fixation (IAFF) in orthopaedic surgery is a dreaded complication, leading to non-union, loss of function, and even amputation. It is not only a source of morbidity and mortality, 1 but it also brings

Abdel Rahim Elniel and Peter V. Giannoudis

consideration for treatment should be guided by the individual clinical picture and established standards. Principles of management The fundamental objectives of treatment are to manage the soft-tissue injury, minimize the risk of infection, stabilize

Razvan Ene, Mihai Nica, Dragos Ene, Adrian Cursaru, and Catalin Cirstoiu

Introduction Infection associated with orthopaedic implants or surgical site infections is a deleterious complication, resulting in considerable rates of morbidity and mortality. Furthermore, management of this complication is incredibly