The incidence of complications of hallux valgus surgeries ranges from 10 to 55% ( 1 , 2 ). Current literature has described the complications of hallux valgus surgery and their treatment options ( 3 , 4 ). Iatrogenic transfer
rates of iatrogenic injury to peripheral nerves, reflecting the nature of injury and disease in the axial skeleton and limbs, the surgical proximity to the nerves and the techniques involved in surgical reconstruction.
Nerve injuries may be
-union, while post-operative infections and iatrogenic radial nerve palsy (iRNP) do naturally occur following surgical therapy.
As complication profiles are known to differ between conservative and surgical therapy, operative techniques, and implant types, but
Renato AndradeClínica Do Dragão, Espregueira-Mendes Sports Centre – FIFA Medical Centre of Excellence, Porto, Portugal Porto Biomechanics Laboratory (LABIOMEP), Faculty of Sports, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal
João Espregueira-MendesClínica Do Dragão, Espregueira-Mendes Sports Centre – FIFA Medical Centre of Excellence, Porto, Portugal Dom Henrique Research Centre, Porto, Portugal ICVS/3Bs, PT Government Associate Laboratory, Braga/Guimarães, Portugal School of Medicine, Minho University, Braga, Portugal
, manipulation with instruments might cause iatrogenic chondral damage ( Fig. 2 ). Iatrogenic chondral injuries may occur directly when using surgical instruments, or indirectly due to inadequate treatment of meniscal injuries. The iatrogenic chondral damage
joint, including restoration of thumb length and alignment, fast recovery of hand function and prevention of iatrogenic complications at neighbouring joints. Disadvantages include the technical difficulty to perform this surgery and a possible higher
trauma compared to conventional TKA, potentially impacting on long-term clinical and functional outcomes.
54 , 57
A cadaveric study by Hamp et al also highlighted the reduction of iatrogenic soft tissue injuries particularly associated with the
for CB reconstruction.
The stress risers formed by the creation of the bone tunnels pose a risk for iatrogenic or early post-operative fracture.
9 , 12
Gaspar reported a case of a midshaft radius fracture five weeks
following medial epicondylectomy and repair of common flexor origin.
Ulnar nerve following medial epicondylectomy and wrapping.
Iatrogenic medial antebrachial cutaneous nerve neuromas secondary to primary cubital tunnel
contemporary data and available studies about anatomy, imaging, clinical testing, function and iatrogenic injury during surgery regarding the ILFL, accompanied by arthroscopic and magnetic resonance images taken from the authors’ record. This is prompted by the
often there is no significant permanent damage.
Peripheral nerve injuries are an unintentional but common complication of upper limb surgery. Any part of the radial nerve and its branches can be affected. The nerve is