severe osteoarthritic changes in the DIP and PIP joints including the IP and MP joints of the thumb. Most authors, especially in the rheumatology and arthritis literature, use a modification of the Kellgren and Lawrence scale, 1 initially
Farhan Syed and Anthony Ugwuoke
Introduction Ankle fusion has traditionally been the “gold standard” treatment for end-stage ankle arthritis. However, because of recent improvements in prosthetic design and encouraging short- to medium-term results, there has been a renewed
Arno A. Macken, Ante Prkic, Izaäk F. Kodde, Jonathan Lans, Neal C. Chen, and Denise Eygendaal
was gathered. The indications were divided into five categories: acute fracture, primary osteoarthritis, inflammatory arthritis, post-traumatic sequelae and other . The category acute fracture was defined as all categories specifying acute trauma
Anne J. Spaans, C.M. (Lilian) Donders, J.H.J.M. (Gert) Bessems, and Christiaan J.A. van Bergen
Introduction Septic arthritis is an acute infection of the joint that occurs most commonly in young children. The infection is mainly monoarticular, and is frequently localized in the knee and hip joints, while it is less frequent in the
Fabio D’Angelo, Luca Monestier, and Luigi Zagra
Background Treatment of bacterial septic arthritis in the native adult hip poses distinct challenges. The yearly incidence is estimated at about 4–10 per 100,000 patients worldwide; however, its real incidence is difficult to quantify. 1 – 3
Andrea Fidanza, Stefano Necozione, and Lorenzo Garagnani
Introduction Wrist arthritis, either primary or secondary, is a debilitating condition that often leads to significant limitations in the use of the hand due to chronic wrist pain. When conservative treatment fails, surgical intervention is
Khaled M. Sarraf, Ravi Popat, Kathryn L. Kneale, Rajarshi Bhattacharya, Manoj Ramachandran, Pramod Achan, and Sammy A. Hanna
: 158 – 162 . 10. Su EP Morgenstern R Khan I Gaillard MD Gross TP . Hip resurfacing arthroplasty for end-stage arthritis caused by childhood hip disease . Hip Int 2020 ; 30 : 572 – 580 . 11
Alexandre Lädermann, Philippe Collin, George S. Athwal, Markus Scheibel, Matthias A. Zumstein, and Geoffroy Nourissat
, instability and ultimately pseudoparalysis and arthritis. Interestingly, only few patients with an IRCT developed pseudoparalysis and arthritis. 2 This finding has at least two potential explanations. First, the subscapularis that may not be involved in
Nuno Sampaio Gomes
Shoulder arthroplasty is a demanding procedure with a known complication rate. Most complications are associated with the glenoid component, a fact that has stimulated investigation into that specific component of the implant. Avoiding glenoid component malposition is very important and is a key reason for recent developments in pre-operative planning and instrumentation to minimise risk.
Patient-specific instrumentation (PSI) was developed as an alternative to navigation systems, originally for total knee arthroplasty, and is a valid option for shoulder replacements today. It offers increased accuracy in the placement of the glenoid component, which improves the likelihood of an optimal outcome.
A description of the method of pre-operative planning and surgical technique is presented, based on the author’s experience and a review of the current literature.
Cite this article: Gomes N. Patient-specific instrumentation for total shoulder arthroplasty. EFORT Open Rev 2016;1:177-182. DOI: 10.1302/2058-5241.1.000033.
Bryant Ho and Judith Baumhauer
Introduction An estimated 40% of the United States population have foot problems. 1 Of all patients aged over 50 years, 2.5% report degenerative arthritis of the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint, termed ‘hallux rigidus’. First MTP