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Emilio Calvo, María Valencia, Antonio Maria Foruria, and Juan Aguilar Gonzalez

Introduction The Latarjet procedure is a surgical technique especially recommended for patients with anterior recurrent instability in the presence of a critical glenoid bone loss ( 1 , 2 ). It can also be considered the treatment of choice

Nikolaos K. Paschos and Stephen M. Howell

Introduction Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is one of the most common orthopaedic techniques performed worldwide. ACL injuries occur with increasing incidence, from approximately 33 cases in 100 000 in 1994 to between 40 and

Juan Carlos Monllau, Simone Perelli, and Giuseppe Gianluca Costa

Introduction Surgical reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is supported in the international literature as the treatment of choice in sports-active patients due to the fundamental role of the ACL in joint kinematics and in

Tim Pohlemann, Steven C. Herath, Benedikt J. Braun, Mika F. Rollmann, Tina Histing, and Antonius Pizanis

According to Emile Letournel, fractures of the acetabulum can be subdivided into ten fracture types. 1 There are five elementary fracture types, highlighted by a singular fracture line separating either the posterior or anterior wall or

Georgios Kyriakopoulos, Lazaros Poultsides, and Panayiotis Christofilopoulos

Introduction The anterior approach to the hip was originally described by Carl Hueter in 1817, in his work Der Grundriss der Chirurgie. However, it was Smith-Petersen who popularized the approach in the US and the English-speaking world, after

Joanna Baawa-Ameyaw, Ricci Plastow, Fahima Aarah Begum, Babar Kayani, Hyder Jeddy, and Fares Haddad

Introduction Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries account for over half of all knee injuries sustained during sporting activity, with an estimated annual incidence of 30–78 injuries per 100,000 persons, with rising rates particularly in

Ignacio Rodriguez, Matías Sepúlveda, Estefanía Birrer, and María Jesús Tuca

anterior tibial tuberosity possesses a centre of ossification that is separated from the rest of the proximal tibia. During normal development, this centre of ossification appears between the ages of seven and 12 years ( Fig. 4 ). 3 – 6 These two

Francisco Figueroa, David Figueroa, and João Espregueira-Mendes

Introduction Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) ruptures have been estimated to occur in 200 000 persons annually in the United States. 1 Most of these patients eventually undergo ACL reconstruction based on continued instability symptoms

Junbo He, Tingkui Wu, Chen Ding, Beiyu Wang, Ying Hong, and Hao Liu

Introduction Anterior cervical surgery (ACS) is one of the most commonly used cervical surgical approaches. 1 It has been widely applied as a standard procedure for various cervical degenerative, traumatic, neoplastic, vascular, and

Anders Falk Brekke, Søren Overgaard, Asbjørn Hróbjartsson, and Anders Holsgaard-Larsen

Introduction Excessive anterior pelvic tilt is a position of the pelvis in a standing posture where the tilt is larger than what is considered normal. Pelvic tilt measurements obtained from radiographic imaging are used in surgical planning