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Nikolaos K. Paschos and Stephen M. Howell

Introduction Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is one of the most common orthopaedic techniques performed worldwide. ACL injuries occur with increasing incidence, from approximately 33 cases in 100 000 in 1994 to between 40 and

Francisco Figueroa, David Figueroa, Rafael Calvo, Alex Vaisman, and João Espregueira-Mendes

scenario of a combined ACL and MCL reconstruction, at least one ligament should be reconstructed using an allograft to limit donor-site morbidity. Best graft in MCL injuries Again, there are scarce reports in the literature assessing graft choice

Joanna Baawa-Ameyaw, Ricci Plastow, Fahima Aarah Begum, Babar Kayani, Hyder Jeddy, and Fares Haddad

revision rates for ACL reconstructions performed using HT autografts versus QT grafts, using data from the Danish Knee Ligament Registry (DKLR). 21 In total, 16,579 ACL reconstructions suitable for the studies’ inclusion and exclusion criteria were

Francisco Figueroa, David Figueroa, Rafael Calvo, Alex Vaisman, and João Espregueira-Mendes

Introduction Knee septic arthritis after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is an uncommon but devastating complication, with a reported incidence of 0.14% to 1.7% on the literature. 1 , 2 Even providing state of the art

Tianping Zhou, Yihong Xu, Aiai Zhang, Lan Zhou, Qing Zhang, Zhou Ji, and Weidong Xu

Introduction Most patients suffering from anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries, especially athletes and physically active populations desiring to return to physical activities, need surgical reconstruction ( 1 ). In fact, the number of

N. Reha Tandogan and Asim Kayaalp

. Reconstruction of all injured ligaments should have been performed before the patient starts weight-bearing. Open medial injuries . These are usually a result of high-energy trauma and associated with multi-ligament injuries and fractures. A few simple

Carlos A. Encinas-Ullán and E. Carlos Rodríguez-Merchán

combined early ACL reconstruction with an acute MCL repair ( Fig. 5 ). Fig. 5 Recommended algorithm for the treatment of acute injuries of the medial collateral ligament (MCL). Note. ACL, anterior cruciate ligament; MCL, medial collateral ligament

Yusuf Omar Qalib, Yicun Tang, Dawei Wang, Baizhou Xing, Xingming Xu, and Huading Lu

Esmailiejah AA Mirhoseini MS Hosseininejad SM Ghanbari N . The prevalence, zone, and type of the meniscus tear in patients with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury: does delayed ACL reconstruction affect the meniscal injury

Francisco Figueroa, David Figueroa, and João Espregueira-Mendes

Introduction Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) ruptures have been estimated to occur in 200 000 persons annually in the United States. 1 Most of these patients eventually undergo ACL reconstruction based on continued instability symptoms

Jimmy Wui Guan Ng, Yulanda Myint, and Fazal M. Ali

extravasation. Staged repair/reconstruction involves acute repair/reconstruction of the extra-articular structures (medial and lateral structures) with a delayed reconstruction of the cruciate ligaments at a later date, once full range of movement is