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Elena Gálvez-Sirvent Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, “Infanta Elena” University Hospital, Valdemoro, Madrid, Spain
Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Francisco de Vitoria, Madrid, Spain

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Aitor Ibarzábal-Gil Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, “La Paz” University Hospital, Madrid, Spain

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E Carlos Rodríguez-Merchán Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, “La Paz” University Hospital, Madrid, Spain
Osteoarticular Surgery Research, Hospital La Paz Institute for Health Research – IdiPAZ (La Paz University Hospital – Autonomous University of Madrid), Madrid, Spain

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syndrome. One of the earliest studies on the treatment, outcomes, and complications of tibial plateau fractures was by Schatzker et al. in 1979, which showed a 27% complication rate ( 3 ). In 1987, Moore and Patzakis reported poor functional

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Richard Peter Almeida Arthroplasty Unit, Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

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Lipalo Mokete Arthroplasty Unit, Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

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Nkhodiseni Sikhauli Arthroplasty Unit, Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

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Allan Roy Sekeitto Arthroplasty Unit, Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

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Jurek Pietrzak Arthroplasty Unit, Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

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showing sustained increases beyond 2030. 1 , 2 Associated complications will subsequently increase in conjunction with this demand. 2 Persistent wound drainage (PWD) is a post-operative wound complication following TJA. It is reported to occur in between

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Jean-Pierre St Mart Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, King’s College Hospital, London, UK

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En Lin Goh Oxford University Clinical Academic Graduate School, Medical Sciences Division, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK

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and intra-operative complications led to a cessation of their use. 9 , 14 , 22 , 23 Mako The Mako Robotic-Arm Assisted System (Stryker, Mako Surgical Corp., Fort Lauderdale, FL, USA) was officially launched for primary TKA in 2017. This

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Gilles Pasquier Service de Chirurgie Orthopedique, Centre-Hospitalo-Universitaire de Lille, France

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Matthieu Ehlinger Service de Chirurgie Orthopedique et de Traumatologie, Hôpital de Hautepierre, Hôpitaux Universitaires de Strasbourg, France

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Didier Mainard Service de Chirurgie Orthopédique, Cente Hospitalo-Universitaire de Nancy, Centre Hospitalo-Universitaire de Nancy, France

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, stiffness and extensor mechanism complications. 4 TKA revision often requires the use of more constrained implants. In the literature, hinged implants characterize the tibiofemoral junction. They are the most constrained types of implants. They are used

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Gautier Beckers Department of Surgery, Hôpital Maisonneuve-Rosemont, Montréal University, Montréal, Quebec, Canada
Personalized Arthroplasty Society, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

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Vincent Massé Department of Surgery, Hôpital Maisonneuve-Rosemont, Montréal University, Montréal, Quebec, Canada
Personalized Arthroplasty Society, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Clinique Orthopédique Duval, Laval, Quebec, Canada

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Pascal-André Vendittoli Department of Surgery, Hôpital Maisonneuve-Rosemont, Montréal University, Montréal, Quebec, Canada
Personalized Arthroplasty Society, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Clinique Orthopédique Duval, Laval, Quebec, Canada

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Mina W Morcos Department of Surgery, Hôpital Maisonneuve-Rosemont, Montréal University, Montréal, Quebec, Canada
Personalized Arthroplasty Society, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

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seen in males. About 55% of the hemophilic population is mildly affected ( 2 ). Hemophilia is usually managed with lifelong factor replacement therapy that helps in reducing bleeding complication rates and prolonging life expectancy. Hemophilic

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Olivier Courage Ramsay Santé, Hopital Prive de l'Estuaire, LeHavre, France

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Louise Strom ReSurg SA, Nyon, Switzerland

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Floris van Rooij ReSurg SA, Nyon, Switzerland

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Matthieu Lalevée Ramsay Santé, Hopital Prive de l'Estuaire, LeHavre, France
Hôpital Charles Nicolle, CHU de Rouen, Rouen, France

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Donatien Heuzé Ramsay Santé, Hopital Prive de l'Estuaire, LeHavre, France
Hôpital Charles Nicolle, CHU de Rouen, Rouen, France

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Pierre Emanuel Papin Ramsay Santé, Hopital Prive de l'Estuaire, LeHavre, France
Hôpital Charles Nicolle, CHU de Rouen, Rouen, France

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Michael Butnaru Ramsay Santé, Hopital Prive de l'Estuaire, LeHavre, France
Hôpital Charles Nicolle, CHU de Rouen, Rouen, France

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Jacobus Hendrik Müller ReSurg SA, Nyon, Switzerland

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elderly patients. 8 , 9 Furthermore, some studies reported higher complication rates, length of stay (LoS) in hospital, and mortality following TKA in older patients, 6 , 10 – 12 whilst other studies argued that these outcomes depend more on morbidities

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Joost van Tilburg Department of Orthopedics, Herlev Gentofte Hospital, Hellerup, Copenhagen, Denmark

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Mikkel Rathsach Andersen Department of Orthopedics, Herlev Gentofte Hospital, Hellerup, Copenhagen, Denmark

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arthroplasty independently of obesity. Although there is a high demand for TKA in obese and morbidly obese at present, the demand is expected to increase even further in the future ( 11 ). Several studies have found increased short-term complications in obese

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Pietro Feltri Orthopaedics and Traumatology Clinic, EOC, Lugano, Switzerland

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Camilla Mondini Trissino da Lodi Orthopaedics and Traumatology Clinic, EOC, Lugano, Switzerland

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Alberto Grassi II Clinica, IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna, Italy

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Stefano Zaffagnini II Clinica, IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna, Italy

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Christian Candrian Orthopaedics and Traumatology Clinic, EOC, Lugano, Switzerland
Facoltà di Scienze Biomediche, Università della Svizzera Italiana, Lugano, Switzerland

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Giuseppe Filardo Orthopaedics and Traumatology Clinic, EOC, Lugano, Switzerland
Applied and Translational Research Center, IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna, Italy
Facoltà di Scienze Biomediche, Università della Svizzera Italiana, Lugano, Switzerland

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pain, lower complication rates along with good long-term survivorship and kinematics. 10 , 11 A great effort has been made to introduce and improve the minimally invasive approach for UKA surgery, allowing recovery to be shortened and the

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E Carlos Rodríguez-Merchán Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, La Paz University Hospital, Madrid, Spain
Osteoarticular Surgery Research, Hospital La Paz Institute for Health Research – IdiPAZ (La Paz University Hospital – Autonomous University of Madrid), Madrid, Spain

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Carlos Kalbakdij-Sánchez Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Emirates Specialty Hospital, Dubai Healthcare City, Dubai, UAE

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, we should attempt to avoid them whenever possible to minimise the risk of complications after primary TKA implantation. A PubMed (MEDLINE) and Cochrane Library search of studies related to PD in TKA was analysed. The keywords used were ‘Parkinson

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Piti Rattanaprichavej Department of Orthopaedics, Faculty of Medicine, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok, Thailand

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Patapong Towiwat Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok, Thailand

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Artit Laoruengthana Department of Orthopaedics, Faculty of Medicine, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok, Thailand

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Piyameth Dilokthornsakul Center of Pharmaceutical Outcomes Research, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok, Thailand
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok, Thailand

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Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk Department of Pharmacotherapy, College of Pharmacy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA
School of Pharmacy, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, USA

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for destructive knee arthropathy is controversial. Destructive neuropathic arthropathy was historically considered to contraindicate TKA because of a high incidence of failure and other complications. 10 , 11 Therefore, arthrodesis became a

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