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Stefan Rammelt

leading to significantly increased rates of infection and other complications as compared to non-diabetics. 11 The combination of these pathological conditions results in a significant delay in bone healing in diabetic patients, with reported union

George D Chloros, Christos D Kakos, Ioannis K Tastsidis, Vasileios P Giannoudis, Michalis Panteli, and Peter V Giannoudis

, 56 , 57 , 58 , 59 ) ( Fig. 4 ). To avoid complications such as hardware failure ( Fig. 5 ) and refracture ( 102 ), several studies have been conducted to assess the properties a screw should have to achieve reduction and compression at the fracture

Xue Ling Chong, Lisca Drittenbass, Victor Dubois-Ferriere, and Mathieu Assal

Introduction The incidence of complications of hallux valgus surgeries ranges from 10 to 55% ( 1 , 2 ). Current literature has described the complications of hallux valgus surgery and their treatment options ( 3 , 4 ). Iatrogenic transfer

Nikolaos Gougoulias, Hesham Oshba, Apostolos Dimitroulias, Anthony Sakellariou, and Alexander Wee

Introduction Approximately one in eight patients undergoing surgical treatment for rotational ankle fracture is diabetic. 1 , 2 Complications after ankle fracture fixation in diabetics have been shown to vary between 26% and 47% versus

Felix Kurt Massen, Seth Shoap, J Turner Vosseller, Weija Fan, John Usseglio, Wolfgang Boecker, Sebastian Felix Baumbach, and Hans Polzer

( 7 ). Still, even surgically treated patients face a prolonged recovery, and all too often fail to reach pre-injury functional levels even if they do not suffer a re-rupture or complication first ( 8 , 9 , 10 ). Postoperative rehabilitation

Patrick Ziegler, Christian Bahrs, Christian Konrads, Philipp Hemmann, and Marc-Daniel Ahrend

). Complications involve loose intraoperative fixation related to reduced screw purchase and soft tissue defects with wound healing deficits or malunion ( 8 ). Based on the large heterogeneity of geriatric patients with comorbidities, different fracture patterns

Alessio Bernasconi, François Lintz, and Francesco Sadile

) in and around the sinus tarsi has been long discussed. 63 , 64 Despite being attractive, this hypothesis has never been proved by any basic or clinical study. Complications Globally, complications may be divided into four main categories

Ulrike Wittig, Gloria Hohenberger, Martin Ornig, Reinhard Schuh, Andreas Leithner, and Patrick Holweg

approach and the chance to address other injury-related pathologies such as synovitis, intra- and periarticular soft-tissue adhesions and removal of loose joint bodies ( 29 ). However, arthroscopy is associated with a high complication rate, as sensitive

Haroon Majeed, James Barrie, Wendy Munro, and Donald McBride

-operative treatments for these fractures reported that the outcomes after ORIF were no better than after non-operative treatment at two years, with higher complications in the operative groups. 10 However, the UK heel trial was heavily criticized by Pearce et al

Manuel Monteagudo, Pilar Martínez de Albornoz, Borja Gutierrez, José Tabuenca, and Ignacio Álvarez

gastrocnemius. 15 Most risk factors reviewed may be linked to increasing the degree/rate of an already underlying tight gastrocnemius. Pathomechanics In the 1990s, orthopaedic surgeons were worried about the biomechanical complications that could