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Julie J. Willeumier, Yvette M. van der Linden, Michiel A.J. van de Sande, and P.D. Sander Dijkstra

to pain, pathological fractures, immobility, decreased functioning, and hypercalcaemia. Over half of patients experience clinical symptoms for which treatment is required, 3 of whom only a minority are surgically treated. 4 In the long bones

Stijn E. W. Geraets, P. Koen Bos, and Johan van der Stok

with impending or actual pathological fractures. 5 Those impending or actual pathological fractures regularly require surgical treatment in order to prevent or stabilize fractures. Surgical procedures used to stabilize impending or actual

Miklós Szendrői, Imre Antal, Attila Szendrői, Áron Lazáry, and Péter Pál Varga

finding the primary tumour site, but should be the last procedure in the diagnostic work-up because it weakens the affected bone and can lead to a pathological fracture. Approximately 20% of patients with bone metastases are referred with an actual

Catalin Cirstoiu, Bogdan Cretu, Sergiu Iordache, Mihnea Popa, Bogdan Serban, and Adrian Cursaru

-old woman with bilateral subtrochanteric pathological fractures secondary to a cervical neoplasm, recently treated on the left side with a cephalointramedullary nail. (B) Postoperative image of the right femur after fracture fixation with a long

Olga D. Savvidou, Panagiotis Koutsouradis, George D. Chloros, Ioannis Papanastasiou, Thomas Sarlikiotis, Aggelos Kaspiris, and Panayiotis J. Papagelopoulos

However, studies have also demonstrated the clonal neoplastic nature of the cyst. 56 Patients usually present with pain, swelling, enlarging mass and even a pathologic fracture in the elbow area. The symptoms are usually presented for several weeks

Joaquim Soares do Brito, André Spranger, Paulo Almeida, José Portela, and Irene Barrientos-Ruiz

the curettage technique, and even though Campanacci grade III tumours seem to recur more often after curettage, the recurrence rates herein presented are often low. In this setting, it is important to highlight a trend toward pathologic fractures at

Catalin Cirstoiu, Bogdan Cretu, Bogdan Serban, Zsombor Panti, and Mihai Nica

surgical control or delayed (secondary) amputations after a failed limb-sparing procedure. Another instance when amputation can be performed is when it serves as a palliative measure for non-resectable tumours complicated with pathological fractures, soft

Olga D. Savvidou, Panagiotis Koutsouradis, Ioanna K. Bolia, Angelos Kaspiris, George D. Chloros, and Panayiotis J. Papagelopoulos

proximal part of the ulna attached to the tumour. The biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of synovial sarcoma. (E) Post-operative radiographs after tumour resection. However, a pathological fracture of the proximal ulna occurred secondary to radiation therapy