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Daniel J. McCormack, Darren Puttock, and Steven P. Godsiff

Introduction Many patients present to orthopaedic surgeons with a painful knee attributed to osteoarthritis of the medial compartment, where the lateral compartment and patella-femoral joint are relatively spared. Traditionally, the treatment

Julien Favre and Brigitte M. Jolles

Introduction Osteoarthritis (OA), the most common type of arthritis, is a disease causing pain, deformity, and dysfunction of the joints. This condition affects a constantly increasing portion of the population, inducing serious socio

Gerardo Fusco, Francesco M. Gambaro, Berardo Di Matteo, and Elizaveta Kon

Introduction Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative disease with a tendency to worsen over time, characterized by articular cartilage degradation, subchondral damage, and bone remodelling, most commonly affecting weight-bearing joints such as

Sebastian Kopf, Manuel-Paul Sava, Christian Stärke, and Roland Becker

osteoarthritis (OA). This close relationship between menisci and articular cartilage has also been demonstrated through the impact of degenerative and trauma-related meniscal injuries on the articular cartilage. 7 – 9 Both cartilage and meniscus lesions

David T. Wallace, Philip E. Riches, and Frédéric Picard

form conclusions as to the biomechanical nature of self-reported instability and to suggest further direction for research to produce a quantifiable marker for knee instability. PubMed and Medline searches using the terms ‘knee’, ‘osteoarthritis

Gareth G. Jones, Martin Jaere, Susannah Clarke, and Justin Cobb

Introduction High tibial osteotomy (HTO) is typically used to treat early isolated medial tibiofemoral compartment osteoarthritis in younger, and physically active, patients for whom knee arthroplasty is associated with higher revision rates

Gareth G. Jones, Susannah Clarke, Martin Jaere, and Justin Cobb

Introduction Osteoarthritis (OA) is an important cause of disability in both the United Kingdom and United States, representing a significant individual and socioeconomic burden. 1 – 3 The knee joint is most commonly affected (termed

Andrea Ferrera and Jacques Menetrey

Introduction The history of osteotomies starts in the 16th century, but the real development of these techniques has improved between the 19th and 21st centuries, to become the gold standard treatment for the unicompartmental osteoarthritis of

Elena Gálvez-Sirvent, Aitor Ibarzábal-Gil, and E Carlos Rodríguez-Merchán

. Knee stiffness Acute infection Chronic infection (osteomyelitis) Malunion Non-union Post-traumatic osteoarthritis Residual knee instability secondary to ligaments damage that was not addressed initially, during

Philippe Beaufils, Roland Becker, Sebastian Kopf, Ollivier Matthieu, and Nicolas Pujol

with the lateral meniscus (around 20%). In traumatic tears, mensicus preservation is the first-line choice. The reason for preserving the meniscus is, of course, the risk of secondary osteoarthritis after APM. In stable knees, subjective results are