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Xue Ling Chong, Lisca Drittenbass, Victor Dubois-Ferriere, and Mathieu Assal

Introduction The incidence of complications of hallux valgus surgeries ranges from 10 to 55% ( 1 , 2 ). Current literature has described the complications of hallux valgus surgery and their treatment options ( 3 , 4 ). Iatrogenic transfer

Kinner Davda, Karan Malhotra, Paul O’Donnell, Dishan Singh, and Nicholas Cullen

modification, and orthoses with lateral forefoot posting in mild cases. In refractory cases, immobilisation in a short-leg cast or controlled ankle movement walker for six weeks may be helpful. The use of corticosteroid injection carries the risk of iatrogenic

Bryant Ho and Judith Baumhauer

The cause of hallux rigidus is unclear. While arthritis can be caused by traumatic or iatrogenic injuries that directly cause damage to the articular cartilage of the MTP joint, most commonly the aetiology of hallux rigidus is idiopathic. Previous

Halah Kutaish, Antoine Acker, Lisca Drittenbass, Richard Stern, and Mathieu Assal

the following derotation osteotomy of the distal tibia. The following case presents a tibial iatrogenic malrotation at six months after index surgery, with a fracture on the lower third of the tibial shaft and an intramedullary (IM) nail fixation

Michael J. Raschke, Christoph Kittl, and Christoph Domnick

-mineralised tibial head, fractures of the medial compartment appeared more often in multi-part tibial-head dislocation-type injuries. 1 , 9 Iatrogenic partial tibial fractures have been reported in a few cases after ligament reconstruction surgery and high

Nikolaos Gougoulias, Vasileios Lampridis, and Anthony Sakellariou

part of the medial gastrocnemius muscle belly ( Fig. 12 ). The muscle aponeurosis is incised, avoiding iatrogenic injury to the hamstrings insertion on the medial side of the proximal tibia. One should also avoid lateral dissection (the lateral

Carlos Maynou, Christophe Szymanski, and Alexis Thiounn

, surgical treatment should leave the foot in a normal position or slightly overcorrected, because an iatrogenic flat foot is better tolerated than a residual cavus deformity. A wide variety of procedures for the treatment of cavovarus foot deformities have

James Wee and Gowreeson Thevendran

problem, which includes haematoma formation, infection, chronic pain, neurological deficits, iatrogenic fractures, and issues with cosmesis. 5 - 9 Furthermore, the amount of donor site bone graft available for harvesting is limited, which is a

Gherardo Pagliazzi, Enrico De Pieri, Michèle Kläusler, Morgan Sangeux, and Elke Viehweger

, the effects of biomechanical changes induced by iatrogenic injuries, such as anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) transection and meniscal injuries, have been investigated in the animal model. ACL injury is known to cause changes in both antero

George D Chloros, Christos D Kakos, Ioannis K Tastsidis, Vasileios P Giannoudis, Michalis Panteli, and Peter V Giannoudis

iatrogenic fractures ( 12 , 36 ). Table 1 summarizes the causes of non-union following fifth Metatarsal fractures. Table 1 Non-union causes fifth metatarsal fractures ( 74 , 120 , 121 , 122 , 123 , 124 ). Patient specific Injury