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Keith Tucker, Klaus-Peter Günther, Per Kjaersgaard-Andersen, Jörg Lützner, Jan Philippe Kretzer, Rob G.H.H. Nelissen, Toni Lange, and Luigi Zagra

, confirmed the practice as being contemporary in many countries, mainly involving THA, but, as demonstrated in Table 1 , we found that it has also been reported in total shoulder replacement and in TKA operations where the patella from one manufacturer has

Carlos A. Encinas-Ullán and E. Carlos Rodríguez-Merchán

skin incision is made on the medial knee region, 4 cm medial to the patella with caudal direction to 7 or 8 cm distal to the joint line. 27 The first surgical step is to identify the distal tibial insertion of the sMCL, which is deeper than the

Michele Vasso, Alexander Antoniadis, and Naeder Helmy

arthritis of the lateral facet of the patella remains controversial and UKA is not usually considered an appropriate choice of surgery in this setting. Less severe damage to the lateral side of the PFJ and damage to the medial side, however severe, do not

Gilles Pasquier, Matthieu Ehlinger, and Didier Mainard

will shift the joint line upward and put the patella in a low position. The same mistake can be made in flexion when the posterior condyles are not reconstructed, and the posterior offset is not restored. 24 Sagittal instability can require

Jonathan G. Robin and Philippe Neyret

years who had early medial arthritis, ACL deficiency and varus malalignment. 29 They were followed up at a mean of six years following medial opening-wedge HTO in combination with ACL reconstruction (hamstring autograft in 17 and bone-patella tendon

Stéphane Armand, Geraldo Decoulon, and Alice Bonnefoy-Mazure

(loading response) • Quadriceps weakness or patella pain  ◦ Reduced knee extensor moment (stance) Knee hyper extension (mid-stance) • Quadriceps weakness • Plantarflexors overactivity or contracture  ◦ Excessive ankle plantarflexion

Francesco Benazzo, Stefano M.P. Rossi, Alberto Combi, Sanjay Meena, and Matteo Ghiara

. Lateral view radiographs indicate patellar height (low patella in stiff knee), tibial slope and entry point of the reamer in antero-posterior position. Patellar axial view shows patellar tracking and any dislocation/ tilt. Pre

Carlos A. Encinas-Ullán, Primitivo Gómez-Cardero, Juan S. Ruiz-Pérez, and E. Carlos Rodríguez-Merchán

results and various problems, such as anterior knee pain, patella baja, and mid-flexion laxity. The forces transmitted to the hinged insert of a RH-TKA increase in cases of joint-line elevation due to the altered joint kinematics. Consequently, any angular

Ahmed Siddiqi, Timothy Horan, Robert M. Molloy, Michael R. Bloomfield, Preetesh D. Patel, and Nicolas S. Piuzzi

-term complications including superficial infection, patellar tendon ligament rupture, patella dislocation, supracondylar fracture and patellar fracture and common peroneal injury. Compared with ROBODOC, TSolution-One has shown improved preliminary clinical outcomes

Bernd Grimm and Stijn Bolink

motion – Patellofemoral Accelerometer Patella Vibro-acoustic signals Patellofemoral joint disorders 34 , 35 – Tibiofemoral Inertial sensor Textile goniometer Femur and tibia Knee brace Range of motion Healthy persons Multiple