Introduction High tibial osteotomy (HTO) is typically used to treat early isolated medial tibiofemoral compartment osteoarthritis in younger, and physically active, patients for whom knee arthroplasty is associated with higher revision rates
Gareth G. Jones, Martin Jaere, Susannah Clarke, and Justin Cobb
Gareth G. Jones, Susannah Clarke, Martin Jaere, and Justin Cobb
Introduction Osteoarthritis (OA) is an important cause of disability in both the United Kingdom and United States, representing a significant individual and socioeconomic burden. 1 – 3 The knee joint is most commonly affected (termed
Richard W. Nyffeler and Dominik C. Meyer
.73 in patients with a full-thickness rotator cuff tear, 0.60 in patients with osteoarthritis and 0.64 in a control group. The differences between the patients with a full-thickness rotator cuff tear and the two groups of individuals with an intact
Claude B. Rieker
Articulating components should minimise the generation of wear particles in order to optimize long-term survival of the prosthesis.
A good understanding of tribological properties helps the orthopaedic surgeon to choose the most suitable bearing for each individual patient.
Conventional and highly cross-linked polyethylene articulating either with metal or ceramic, ceramic-on-ceramic and metal-on-metal are the most commonly used bearing combinations.
All combinations of bearing surface have their advantages and disadvantages. An appraisal of the individual patient’s objectives should be part of the assessment of the best bearing surface.
Cite this article: Rieker CB. Tribology of total hip arthroplasty prostheses: what an orthopaedic surgeon should know. EFORT Open Rev 2016;1:52-57. DOI: 10.1302/2058-5241.1.000004.
Andrea Ferrera and Jacques Menetrey
Introduction The history of osteotomies starts in the 16th century, but the real development of these techniques has improved between the 19th and 21st centuries, to become the gold standard treatment for the unicompartmental osteoarthritis of
Farhan Syed and Anthony Ugwuoke
years). Osteoarthritis (92.8%) was the most common indication for ankle arthroplasty, followed by rheumatoid arthritis (5.5%). The Salto Talaris was the most commonly used prosthesis for ankle arthroplasty. The cumulative percentage revision at five
-operative treatment Non-operative treatment for advanced destruction of finger joints may be considered both for inflammatory disease or ongoing joint degeneration in osteoarthritis (OA), depending on the severity of symptoms and functional impairment. Treating
Elena Gálvez-Sirvent, Aitor Ibarzábal-Gil, and E Carlos Rodríguez-Merchán
. Knee stiffness Acute infection Chronic infection (osteomyelitis) Malunion Non-union Post-traumatic osteoarthritis Residual knee instability secondary to ligaments damage that was not addressed initially, during
Maria Beatriz Quaresma, José Portela, and Joaquim Soares do Brito
two of those patients (50%) moderate-to-severe osteoarthritis was identified. 12 , 14 Concerning arthritic progression from baseline, Colman et al identified a global rate of 15% – open synovectomy (0%) versus open-plus-arthroscopic synovectomy
Thomas Kozak, Stefan Bauer, Gilles Walch, Saad Al-karawi, and William Blakeney
decrease in complications and a change in the indications for surgery. 3 An early expanded indication was primary osteoarthritis with loss of rotator cuff function. 4 Massive irreparable rotator cuff tear without osteoarthritis has also been an