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Charles Rivière, Stefan Lazic, Louis Dagneaux, Catherine Van Der Straeten, Justin Cobb, and Sarah Muirhead-Allwood

instructional review aims to clarify and classify the SHRs that are commonly encountered in patients with hip osteoarthritis (OA). Spino-pelvic parameters In order to understand and define the SHR, it is important to understand the significance of the

Mohammad Shahid and Rik Kundra

meniscus is an intra-articular structure composed primarily of type 1 collagen. Its main functions are shock absorption, proprioception, lubrication and joint stability. 30 It is vulnerable to repetitive injury which can predispose to osteoarthritis

Thomas Collins, Dinesh Alexander, and Bilal Barkatali

can have negative effects such as pro-inflammatory cytokines, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β). 48 For example, Browning et al 49 demonstrated an increase in MMP-1 and MMP-3 in osteoarthritis (OA) synoviocytes

Joris Duerinckx and Frederik Verstreken

Introduction Osteoarthritis of the carpometacarpal joint of the thumb (CMC-1) is a common problem and surgical treatment is indicated when conservative measures fail to provide sufficient relief. Of the many surgical treatment options, no

Arno A. Macken, Ante Prkic, Izaäk F. Kodde, Jonathan Lans, Neal C. Chen, and Denise Eygendaal

was gathered. The indications were divided into five categories: acute fracture, primary osteoarthritis, inflammatory arthritis, post-traumatic sequelae and other . The category acute fracture was defined as all categories specifying acute trauma

Young Yi and Woochun Lee

Introduction Osteoarthritis (OA) of the ankle occurs in approximately 1% of the population, and the majority of patients have developed secondary arthritis due to fractures around the ankle joint. 1 Primary degenerative arthritis, with no

Huub H. de Klerk, Chantal L. Welsink, Anne J. Spaans, Lukas P. E. Verweij, and Michel P. J. van den Bekerom

Introduction Degenerative joint disease of the elbow is less common compared to the hip and knee. The prevalence of primary elbow osteoarthritis (OA) is 2–3%. 1 , 2 OA of the elbow can cause severe disabling symptoms of pain, locking

Sebastian Kopf, Manuel-Paul Sava, Christian Stärke, and Roland Becker

osteoarthritis (OA). This close relationship between menisci and articular cartilage has also been demonstrated through the impact of degenerative and trauma-related meniscal injuries on the articular cartilage. 7 – 9 Both cartilage and meniscus lesions

David T. Wallace, Philip E. Riches, and Frédéric Picard

form conclusions as to the biomechanical nature of self-reported instability and to suggest further direction for research to produce a quantifiable marker for knee instability. PubMed and Medline searches using the terms ‘knee’, ‘osteoarthritis

Patrick Houvet

intercarpal arthrodeses, to clarify the indications for each fusion, to describe the most suitable surgical technique for each fusion, and to provide an overview of outcomes and current concepts. The most common form of degenerative wrist osteoarthritis is