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Francesco Benazzo, Stefano M.P. Rossi, Alberto Combi, Sanjay Meena, and Matteo Ghiara

cartilage damage; insufficient reduction induces limb malalignment. These three consequences of trauma lead to the development of osteoarthritis. 7 Following a tibial plateau fracture, the incidence of arthritis is higher 8 , 9 than with distal

Massimo Ceruso, Sandra Pfanner, and Christian Carulli

respect to the axis of rotation of the joint. 1 Outcomes were reasonably good, particularly in the metacarpophalangeal (MP) joints of patients affected by rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and degenerative osteoarthritis (OA). The experience in the

Alessandro Colombi, Daniele Schena, and Claudio Carlo Castelli

Introduction The evolution of hip replacements has increased patients’ expectations in terms of function and longevity. The main goal of surgery is full restoration of the original biomechanical setting of the hip affected by osteoarthritis

Xavier Martin Oliva and Antonio Viladot Voegeli

that can compromise intra-osseous vascular flow. Many other aetiological factors can occur such as abnormal bone development in Kohler disease. Also, osteoarthritis, and systemic metabolic and autoimmune diseases that increase the risk of osteonecrosis

Patrick Butler, Josef Gorgis, Bjarke Viberg, and Søren Overgaard

Introduction Increasing numbers of patients each year are undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) due to osteoarthritis (OA). 1 , 2 The procedure requires reliable implants and the involvement of competent surgeons to minimize the risk of

Daniel Bachman and Akin Cil

primary and post-traumatic osteoarthritis. 6 Although little has been reported on this type of arthroplasty, one multicentre case-series has shown good short-term results. 7 Elbow hemi-arthroplasty Elbow hemi-arthroplasty (HA) is the

Michele Vasso, Alexander Antoniadis, and Naeder Helmy

literature to elucidate the correct clinical indications and the precise radiological criteria, and the main causes of UKA failure. Indications for UKA Current indications for UKA implantation are: unicondylar osteoarthritis (OA) or osteonecrosis

Jason Trieu, Chris Schilling, Michelle M. Dowsey, and Peter F. Choong

Introduction The growing burden of knee osteoarthritis presents a significant challenge facing many communities. 1 Total knee replacement (TKR) remains the only definitive treatment option available for advanced arthritis, and this has

Maria Moralidou, Anna Di Laura, Johann Henckel, Harry Hothi, and Alister J. Hart

Wu (2019) 28 DDH 49 hips NA C.less NA 71% Mimics P, posterior; PL, posterolateral; A, anterior; AL, anterolateral; NA, not available/not applicable; DDH, developmental dysplasia of the hip; OA, osteoarthritis; AVN

John Edwin, Shahbaz Ahmed, Shobhit Verma, Graham Tytherleigh-Strong, Karthik Karuppaiah, and Joydeep Sinha

Osteoarthritis Moderate to severe degenerative joint changes have been found in asymptomatic individuals (CT scan or post-mortem) in 50–90% of individuals aged over 60 years. 69 , 84 , 95 Lawrence et al 95 reviewed CT scans of 137 asymptomatic