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  • Author: Yin-xiao Peng x
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Yun Yang Department of Orthopaedics, The Third People’s Hospital of Chengdu, Sichuan, PR China

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Yin-xiao Peng Department of Orthopaedics, The Third People’s Hospital of Chengdu, Sichuan, PR China

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Bin Yu Department of Orthopaedics, The Third People’s Hospital of Chengdu, Sichuan, PR China

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Aim

  • The aim of this study was to provide a comprehensive overview of floating hip injury and attempt to provide a management algorithm.

Methods

  • PubMed was searched using the terms ‘Floating hip’ or ‘acetabular fracture’ and ‘Ipsilateral femoral fracture’ or ‘pelvic fracture’ and ‘Ipsilateral femoral fracture’. One author performed a preliminary review of the abstracts and references of the retrieved articles.

Results

  • The mean injury severe score reported was higher than 20. Chest and abdominal injuries, as well as fractures at other sites, were the most common associated injuries. Despite the high disability rate, surgery remained the preferred option for managing these injuries. The surgical timing varied from a few hours to several days and was subjected to the principles of damage control orthopedics. Although, in most cases, fixation of femoral fractures took precedence over pelvic or acetabular fractures, there was still a need to consider the impact of damage control orthopedics, associated injuries, and surgeon's considerations and preferences. Posttraumatic arthritis, neurological deficits, heterotopic ossification, femoral head necrosis, femoral nonunion, and limb inequality were common complications of the floating hip injury.

Conclusions

  • The severity of such injuries often exceeds that of an isolated injury and often requires specialized multidisciplinary treatment. In the management of these complex cases, the complexity and severity of the injury should be fully assessed, and an appropriate surgical plan should be developed to perform definitive surgery as early as possible, with attention to prevention of complications during the perioperative period.

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