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  • Author: Panayiotis Christofilopoulos x
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Georgios Kyriakopoulos, Lazaros Poultsides, and Panayiotis Christofilopoulos

  • Total hip arthroplasty through an anterior approach has been increasing in popularity amongst surgeons and patients.

  • Anterior approach hip arthroplasty seems to offer improved early outcomes in terms of pain, rehabilitation and length of stay.

  • No difference in long-term outcomes has been shown between anterior and posterior or lateral approaches.

  • Proper formal training, utilization of fluoroscopy and adequate experience can mitigate risks of complications and improve early and medium-term outcomes.

Cite this article: EFORT Open Rev 2018;3:574-583. DOI: 10.1302/2058-5241.3.180023.

Eustathios Kenanidis, George Kyriakopoulos, Rajiv Kaila, and Panayiotis Christofilopoulos

  • Abductor tendon lesions and insertional tendinopathy are the most common causes of lateral thigh pain. Gluteal tendon pathology is more prevalent in women and frequency increases with age.

  • Chronic atraumatic tears result in altered lower limb biomechanics. The chief complaint is lateral thigh pain. Clinical examination should include evaluation of muscle strength, lumbar spine, hip and fascia lata pathology. The hip lag sign and 30-second single leg stance tests are useful in diagnosing abductor insufficiency.

  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the gold-standard investigation to identify abductor tendon tears and evaluate the extent of muscle fatty infiltration that has predictive value on the outcome of abductor repair.

  • Abductor tendinosis treatment is mainly conservative, including non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications, activity modification, local corticosteroid injections, plasma-rich protein, physical and radial shockwave therapy. The limited number of available high-quality studies on treatment outcomes and limited evidence between tendinosis and partial ruptures make it difficult to provide definite conclusions regarding the best management of gluteal tendinopathy.

  • Surgical management is indicated in complete and partial gluteal tendon tears that are unresponsive to conservative treatment.

  • There are various open and arthroscopic surgical procedures for direct repair of abductor tendon tears. There is limited evidence concerning surgical management outcomes. Prerequisites for effective tendon suturing are neurologic integrity and limited muscle fatty infiltration. Chronic irreparable tears with limited muscle atrophy and limited fatty infiltration can be augmented with grafts. Gluteus maximus or/vastus lateralis muscle transfers are salvage reconstruction procedures for the management of chronic end-stage abductor tears with significant tendon insufficiency or gluteal atrophy.

Cite this article: EFORT Open Rev 2020;5:464-476. DOI: 10.1302/2058-5241.5.190094

Eustathios Kenanidis, Konstantinos Kapriniotis, Panagiotis Anagnostis, Michael Potoupnis, Panayiotis Christofilopoulos, and Eleftherios Tsiridis

  • Total hip arthroplasty (THA) in sickle cell disease (SCD) patients can be a challenging procedure.

  • This systematic review evaluated the revision rate, functional outcomes and complications of THA in sicklers.

  • A systematic search was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines, using four search engines from inception to May 2019.

  • Fifteen studies with 971 THAs were included. There were 437 cemented and 520 uncemented THAs.

  • There were 164 revision THAs (16.8%); 52 uncemented and 105 cemented THAs.

  • Forty-two infections were recorded; 16 infections for cemented and 23 for uncemented THAs.

  • Fifty-seven cups, 26 stems, eight cup/stem with aseptic loosening that were more frequently cemented were reported. The 28 unspecified aseptic loosening cases were more frequently uncemented THAs.

  • All studies demonstrated the functional improvement of patients.

  • There were 109 medical complications (14.3%). Sickle cell crises (SCC) and transfusion reactions were most usually recorded.

  • Forty-six intraoperative complications (4.7%) were reported; 18 femoral fractures, four acetabular and 18 femoral perforations. Seventeen femoral fractures occurred during uncemented THA.

  • THA in SCD is still related to a high risk of complications. The outcomes in properly selected sicklers have been improved. Perioperative adequate hydration, warming, oxygen supply and transfusion protocols are mandated to prevent SCC and transfusion reactions. The surgeon must be prepared to deal with a high rate of intraoperative fractures and have different implant options readily available. No definite conclusion can be made regarding the best fixation mode. Cemented implants demonstrated a higher revision rate and uncemented implants a higher risk for intraoperative complications.

Cite this article: EFORT Open Rev 2020;5:180-188. DOI: 10.1302/2058-5241.5.190038