Early-onset scoliosis (EOS) is defined as any spinal deformity that is present before 10 years old, regardless of etiology.
Deformity must be evaluated based on the intercorrelation between the lungs, spine, and thorax.
Curvatures of early-onset have increased risk of progression, cardiorespiratory problems, and increased morbidity and mortality.
Progression of the deformity may produce thoracic insufficiency syndrome, where a distorted thorax is unable to support normal respiratory function or lung growth.
Management and treatment of EOS should pursue a holistic approach in which the psychological impact and quality of life of the patient are also taken into consideration.
Growth-friendly surgical techniques have not met the initial expectations of correcting scoliotic deformity, promoting thoracic growth, and improving pulmonary function.