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  • Author: Fabio Galbusera x
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Andrea Cina Spine Center, Schulthess Clinic, Zurich, Switzerland
Department of Health Sciences and Technology, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

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Fabio Galbusera Spine Center, Schulthess Clinic, Zurich, Switzerland

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  • Machine learning (ML), a subset of artificial intelligence, is crucial for spine care and research due to its ability to improve treatment selection and outcomes, leveraging the vast amounts of data generated in health care for more accurate diagnoses and decision support.

  • ML's potential in spine care is particularly notable in radiological image analysis, including the localization and labeling of anatomical structures, detection and classification of radiological findings, and prediction of clinical outcomes, thereby paving the way for personalized medicine.

  • The manuscript discusses ML's application in spine care, detailing supervised and unsupervised learning, regression, classification, and clustering, and highlights the importance of both internal and external validation in assessing ML model performance.

  • Several ML algorithms such as linear models, support vector machines, decision trees, neural networks, and deep convolutional neural networks, can be used in the spine domain to analyze diverse data types (visual, tabular, omics, and multimodal).

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