EFORT Open Reviews Annual Congress Issue 2021



Welcome to the 2021 EFORT Open Reviews Annual Congress Issue. This special issue is dedicated to the Instructional Lectures presented as part of the Scientific Programme at the Virtual EFORT Congress 2021 – VEChybrid, featuring a wide range of ‘hot’ topics across the field of orthopaedics and traumatology. Enjoy!



30 years of EFORT publications – where we stand today
Pierre J. Hoffmeyer
EFORT Open Rev 2021;6:387–389


Instructional Lectures


General Orthopaedics

Optimal microbiological sampling for the diagnosis of osteoarticular infection
Ricardo Sousa, André Carvalho, Ana Cláudia Santos, and Miguel Araújo Abreu
EFORT Open Rev 2021;6:390–398

The contribution of the histopathological examination to the diagnosis of adverse local tissue reactions in arthroplasty
Giorgio Perino, Ivan De Martino, Lingxin Zhang, Zhidao Xia, Jiri Gallo, Shonali Natu, David Langton, Monika Huber, Anastasia Rakow, Janosch Schoon, Enrique Gomez-Barrena, and Veit Krenn
EFORT Open Rev 2021;6:399–419


Foot & Ankle

Ankle and syndesmosis instability: consensus and controversies
Nuno Corte-Real, and João Caetano
EFORT Open Rev 2021;6:420–431

Percutaneous, MIS and open hallux valgus surgery
Hans-Jörg Trnka
EFORT Open Rev 2021;6:432–438


Hand & Wrist

Closing the loop: a 10-year experience with routine outcome measurements to improve treatment in hand surgery
Reinier Feitz, Yara E. van Kooij, Marloes H. P. ter Stege, Mark J. W. van der Oest, J. Sebastiaan Souer, Robbert M. Wouters, Harm P. Slijper, Ruud W. Selles, Steven E. R. Hovius, and Hand–Wrist Study Group
EFORT Open Rev 2021;6:439–450



The use of ‘blocking’ screws for the ‘closed’ reduction of difficult proximal and distal femoral fractures
Christos Garnavos
EFORT Open Rev 2021;6:451–458

Pelvic discontinuity: a challenge to overcome
George C. Babis, and Vasileios S. Nikolaou
EFORT Open Rev 2021;6:459–471

Complications of hip preserving surgery
Markus S. Hanke, Till D. Lerch, Florian Schmaranzer, Malin K. Meier, Simon D. Steppacher, and Klaus A. Siebenrock
EFORT Open Rev 2021;6:472–486



Radiological assessment of lower limb alignment
Nuno Marques Luís, and Ricardo Varatojo
EFORT Open Rev 2021;6:487–494

Revision knee surgery: the practical approach
Paolo Salari, Andrea Baldini
EFORT Open Rev 2021;6:495–500

Injections in the osteoarthritic knee: a review of current treatment options
Gerardo Fusco, Francesco M. Gambaro, Berardo Di Matteo, and Elizaveta Kon
EFORT Open Rev 2021;6:501–509



How to manage pes cavus in children and adolescents?
Ignacio Sanpera, Sandra Villafranca-Solano, Carmen Muñoz-Lopez, and Julia Sanpera-Iglesias
EFORT Open Rev 2021;6:510–517


Shoulder & Elbow

Scapula fractures: a review
David Limb
EFORT Open Rev 2021;6:518–525


Herniated discs: when is surgery necessary?
Wai Weng Yoon, and Jonathan Koch
EFORT Open Rev 2021;6:526–530